FDA Citizen Petition #2: NDMA Carcinogen in Ranitidine (Zantac) and Nizatidine (Axid)

On September 13, 2019, Valisure announced they discovered the link of Zantac and its generics to the carcinogen NDMA during its routine testing of every batch of every medication and filed a detailed petition with the Food and Drug Administration asking the agency to recall all products containing ranitidine. Valisure’s research, along with that of Stanford University and others, found that NDMA resulted from the “inherent instability” of the ranitidine molecule. This means that all manufacturers, brand or generic, and lots of ranitidine-containing medications are affected and could generate very high levels of NDMA in the human body.

This discovery in  (Zantac) and its generics resulted in the FDA requesting manufacturers to immediately withdraw all prescription and over-the-counter ranitidine drugs from the market.

Links to Valisure’s FDA Citizen Petition and its attachments:


Summary of actions around the world:

  • Australia – Recalled all ranitidine products from pharmacies, hospitals and wholesalers
  • Austria – Recalled all ranitidine products
  • Bangladesh – Ban on sales of  ranitidine
  • Bahrain – Suspended the registration, importing, and distribution of all products containing ranitidine
  • Canada – Stopped distribution of all ranitidine products/brands. First country to issue a ban.
  • Cyprus – Recalled every product containing ranitidine
  • Denmark – Recalled ranitidine products from shelves and banned distribution
  • Dominican Republic – Ban on all ranitidine products
  • Egypt – Ban on distribution and sales of ranitidine
  • Fiji – Issued a health alert
  • France – Recalled all ranitidine products
  • Finland – Recalled ranitidine products from shelves and halted distribution
  • Germany – Recalled all ranitidine products
  • Greece – Recalls of Zantac and ranitidine by Mylan
  • Hong Kong – Authorized GSK to recall ranitidine products
  • India – Certain states banned ranitidine from government hospitals. Directed drug regulators to ask pharma companies to test their drugs for NDMA and ensure the drug is only sold under prescription.
  • Indonesia – Suspension of production and sales and a recall of all products containing ranitidine
  • Ireland – Recalled ranitidine products from pharmacies across the country
  • Italy – 500 lots of products containing ranitidine have been pulled from store shelves. Recalled, banned, and stopped distribution of all ranitidine products with active ingredient made by Saraca Labs.
  • Jamaica – Banned all ranitidine products
  • Kenya – Recalled all ranitidine products and advised citizens to stop taking the drug
  • Kuwait – Suspended the sale of and recalled ranitidine drugs from the market
  • Japan – 11 domestic companies issued a voluntary recall of ranitidine products.
  • Libya – Issued a warning regarding ranitidine
  • Lithuania – 300,000 packs of ranitidine-containing drugs have been withdrawn from the Lithuanian market. The ban will remain in effect until marketing authorization holders provide documents proving that their medicines do not contain NDMA.
  • Morocco – Recalled all ranitidine products from the market
  • Namibia – Recalled and stopped distribution of all ranitidine products
  • New Zealand – Recalled all ranitidine products from pharmacies and hospitals
  • Norway – Recalled ranitidine products from shelves and halted distribution
  • Oman – Banned the registration, importing, and distribution of all products containing ranitidine
  • Palestine – Banned the manufacturing and distribution of all products containing ranitidine in all pharmaceutical forms, both domestic and imported.
  • Pakistan – Banned the manufacturing and distributing of ranitidine products and recalled all products on the market
  • Qatar – Banned the registration, importing, and distribution of all products containing ranitidine
  • Saudi Arabia – Banned the distribution and marketing of 6 ranitidine. Recalled all products from the market and directed all pharmacies, hospitals to discontinue use of ranitidine.
  • Singapore – 8 brands removed from the market and discontinued distribution of ranitidine
  • South Africa – Recalled and banned marketing of all ranitidine drugs.
  • South Korea –  Banned the import, manufacturing and sales of 269 ranitidine-based drugs from 133 companies in the country
  • Suriname – Recalled all ranitidine products
  • Switzerland – Recalled all ranitidine products and launched their own investigation.
  • Taiwan – Recalled and banned the distribution of all ranitidine products. Manufacturers failing to comply by the recall date will be subject to fines.
  • Tanzania – Banned ranitidine from sale and distribution by prescription
  • Trinidad and Tobago – Recalled and halted the distribution and import of all ranitidine products
  • UAE – Banned the registration, importation and distribution of all ranitidine products
  • UK – Manufacturers recalled Zantac and UK health officials issued a warning to seek alternative medications. Major retailers have recalled their branded versions of ranitidine.
  • Vietnam – Recalled and halted distribution of 11 ranitidine products

Media highlights:

FDA Citizen Petition #2: NDMA Carcinogen in Ranitidine (Zantac) and Nizatidine (Axid)

September 13, 2019

On September 13, 2019, Valisure announced they discovered the link of Zantac and its generics to the carcinogen NDMA during its routine testing of every batch of every medication and filed a detailed petition with the Food and Drug Administration asking the agency to recall all products containing ranitidine. Valisure’s research, along with that of Stanford University and others, found that NDMA resulted from the “inherent instability” of the ranitidine molecule. This means that all manufacturers, brand or generic, and lots of ranitidine-containing medications are affected and could generate very high levels of NDMA in the human body.

This discovery in  (Zantac) and its generics resulted in the FDA requesting manufacturers to immediately withdraw all prescription and over-the-counter ranitidine drugs from the market.

Links to Valisure’s FDA Citizen Petition and its attachments:


Summary of actions around the world:

  • Australia – Recalled all ranitidine products from pharmacies, hospitals and wholesalers
  • Austria – Recalled all ranitidine products
  • Bangladesh – Ban on sales of  ranitidine
  • Bahrain – Suspended the registration, importing, and distribution of all products containing ranitidine
  • Canada – Stopped distribution of all ranitidine products/brands. First country to issue a ban.
  • Cyprus – Recalled every product containing ranitidine
  • Denmark – Recalled ranitidine products from shelves and banned distribution
  • Dominican Republic – Ban on all ranitidine products
  • Egypt – Ban on distribution and sales of ranitidine
  • Fiji – Issued a health alert
  • France – Recalled all ranitidine products
  • Finland – Recalled ranitidine products from shelves and halted distribution
  • Germany – Recalled all ranitidine products
  • Greece – Recalls of Zantac and ranitidine by Mylan
  • Hong Kong – Authorized GSK to recall ranitidine products
  • India – Certain states banned ranitidine from government hospitals. Directed drug regulators to ask pharma companies to test their drugs for NDMA and ensure the drug is only sold under prescription.
  • Indonesia – Suspension of production and sales and a recall of all products containing ranitidine
  • Ireland – Recalled ranitidine products from pharmacies across the country
  • Italy – 500 lots of products containing ranitidine have been pulled from store shelves. Recalled, banned, and stopped distribution of all ranitidine products with active ingredient made by Saraca Labs.
  • Jamaica – Banned all ranitidine products
  • Kenya – Recalled all ranitidine products and advised citizens to stop taking the drug
  • Kuwait – Suspended the sale of and recalled ranitidine drugs from the market
  • Japan – 11 domestic companies issued a voluntary recall of ranitidine products.
  • Libya – Issued a warning regarding ranitidine
  • Lithuania – 300,000 packs of ranitidine-containing drugs have been withdrawn from the Lithuanian market. The ban will remain in effect until marketing authorization holders provide documents proving that their medicines do not contain NDMA.
  • Morocco – Recalled all ranitidine products from the market
  • Namibia – Recalled and stopped distribution of all ranitidine products
  • New Zealand – Recalled all ranitidine products from pharmacies and hospitals
  • Norway – Recalled ranitidine products from shelves and halted distribution
  • Oman – Banned the registration, importing, and distribution of all products containing ranitidine
  • Palestine – Banned the manufacturing and distribution of all products containing ranitidine in all pharmaceutical forms, both domestic and imported.
  • Pakistan – Banned the manufacturing and distributing of ranitidine products and recalled all products on the market
  • Qatar – Banned the registration, importing, and distribution of all products containing ranitidine
  • Saudi Arabia – Banned the distribution and marketing of 6 ranitidine. Recalled all products from the market and directed all pharmacies, hospitals to discontinue use of ranitidine.
  • Singapore – 8 brands removed from the market and discontinued distribution of ranitidine
  • South Africa – Recalled and banned marketing of all ranitidine drugs.
  • South Korea –  Banned the import, manufacturing and sales of 269 ranitidine-based drugs from 133 companies in the country
  • Suriname – Recalled all ranitidine products
  • Switzerland – Recalled all ranitidine products and launched their own investigation.
  • Taiwan – Recalled and banned the distribution of all ranitidine products. Manufacturers failing to comply by the recall date will be subject to fines.
  • Tanzania – Banned ranitidine from sale and distribution by prescription
  • Trinidad and Tobago – Recalled and halted the distribution and import of all ranitidine products
  • UAE – Banned the registration, importation and distribution of all ranitidine products
  • UK – Manufacturers recalled Zantac and UK health officials issued a warning to seek alternative medications. Major retailers have recalled their branded versions of ranitidine.
  • Vietnam – Recalled and halted distribution of 11 ranitidine products

Media highlights:

FDA Citizen Petition #2: NDMA Carcinogen in Ranitidine (Zantac) and Nizatidine (Axid)

On September 13, 2019, Valisure announced they discovered the link of Zantac and its generics to the carcinogen NDMA during its routine testing of every batch of every medication and filed a detailed petition with the Food and Drug Administration asking the agency to recall all products containing ranitidine. Valisure’s research, along with that of Stanford University and others, found that NDMA resulted from the “inherent instability” of the ranitidine molecule. This means that all manufacturers, brand or generic, and lots of ranitidine-containing medications are affected and could generate very high levels of NDMA in the human body.

This discovery in  (Zantac) and its generics resulted in the FDA requesting manufacturers to immediately withdraw all prescription and over-the-counter ranitidine drugs from the market.

Links to Valisure’s FDA Citizen Petition and its attachments:


Summary of actions around the world:

  • Australia – Recalled all ranitidine products from pharmacies, hospitals and wholesalers
  • Austria – Recalled all ranitidine products
  • Bangladesh – Ban on sales of  ranitidine
  • Bahrain – Suspended the registration, importing, and distribution of all products containing ranitidine
  • Canada – Stopped distribution of all ranitidine products/brands. First country to issue a ban.
  • Cyprus – Recalled every product containing ranitidine
  • Denmark – Recalled ranitidine products from shelves and banned distribution
  • Dominican Republic – Ban on all ranitidine products
  • Egypt – Ban on distribution and sales of ranitidine
  • Fiji – Issued a health alert
  • France – Recalled all ranitidine products
  • Finland – Recalled ranitidine products from shelves and halted distribution
  • Germany – Recalled all ranitidine products
  • Greece – Recalls of Zantac and ranitidine by Mylan
  • Hong Kong – Authorized GSK to recall ranitidine products
  • India – Certain states banned ranitidine from government hospitals. Directed drug regulators to ask pharma companies to test their drugs for NDMA and ensure the drug is only sold under prescription.
  • Indonesia – Suspension of production and sales and a recall of all products containing ranitidine
  • Ireland – Recalled ranitidine products from pharmacies across the country
  • Italy – 500 lots of products containing ranitidine have been pulled from store shelves. Recalled, banned, and stopped distribution of all ranitidine products with active ingredient made by Saraca Labs.
  • Jamaica – Banned all ranitidine products
  • Kenya – Recalled all ranitidine products and advised citizens to stop taking the drug
  • Kuwait – Suspended the sale of and recalled ranitidine drugs from the market
  • Japan – 11 domestic companies issued a voluntary recall of ranitidine products.
  • Libya – Issued a warning regarding ranitidine
  • Lithuania – 300,000 packs of ranitidine-containing drugs have been withdrawn from the Lithuanian market. The ban will remain in effect until marketing authorization holders provide documents proving that their medicines do not contain NDMA.
  • Morocco – Recalled all ranitidine products from the market
  • Namibia – Recalled and stopped distribution of all ranitidine products
  • New Zealand – Recalled all ranitidine products from pharmacies and hospitals
  • Norway – Recalled ranitidine products from shelves and halted distribution
  • Oman – Banned the registration, importing, and distribution of all products containing ranitidine
  • Palestine – Banned the manufacturing and distribution of all products containing ranitidine in all pharmaceutical forms, both domestic and imported.
  • Pakistan – Banned the manufacturing and distributing of ranitidine products and recalled all products on the market
  • Qatar – Banned the registration, importing, and distribution of all products containing ranitidine
  • Saudi Arabia – Banned the distribution and marketing of 6 ranitidine. Recalled all products from the market and directed all pharmacies, hospitals to discontinue use of ranitidine.
  • Singapore – 8 brands removed from the market and discontinued distribution of ranitidine
  • South Africa – Recalled and banned marketing of all ranitidine drugs.
  • South Korea –  Banned the import, manufacturing and sales of 269 ranitidine-based drugs from 133 companies in the country
  • Suriname – Recalled all ranitidine products
  • Switzerland – Recalled all ranitidine products and launched their own investigation.
  • Taiwan – Recalled and banned the distribution of all ranitidine products. Manufacturers failing to comply by the recall date will be subject to fines.
  • Tanzania – Banned ranitidine from sale and distribution by prescription
  • Trinidad and Tobago – Recalled and halted the distribution and import of all ranitidine products
  • UAE – Banned the registration, importation and distribution of all ranitidine products
  • UK – Manufacturers recalled Zantac and UK health officials issued a warning to seek alternative medications. Major retailers have recalled their branded versions of ranitidine.
  • Vietnam – Recalled and halted distribution of 11 ranitidine products

Media highlights:

On September 13, 2019, Valisure announced they discovered the link of Zantac and its generics to the carcinogen NDMA during its routine testing of every batch of every medication and filed a detailed petition with the Food and Drug Administration asking the agency to recall all products containing ranitidine. Valisure’s research, along with that of Stanford University and others, found that NDMA resulted from the “inherent instability” of the ranitidine molecule. This means that all manufacturers, brand or generic, and lots of ranitidine-containing medications are affected and could generate very high levels of NDMA in the human body.

This discovery in  (Zantac) and its generics resulted in the FDA requesting manufacturers to immediately withdraw all prescription and over-the-counter ranitidine drugs from the market.

Links to Valisure’s FDA Citizen Petition and its attachments:


Summary of actions around the world:

  • Australia – Recalled all ranitidine products from pharmacies, hospitals and wholesalers
  • Austria – Recalled all ranitidine products
  • Bangladesh – Ban on sales of  ranitidine
  • Bahrain – Suspended the registration, importing, and distribution of all products containing ranitidine
  • Canada – Stopped distribution of all ranitidine products/brands. First country to issue a ban.
  • Cyprus – Recalled every product containing ranitidine
  • Denmark – Recalled ranitidine products from shelves and banned distribution
  • Dominican Republic – Ban on all ranitidine products
  • Egypt – Ban on distribution and sales of ranitidine
  • Fiji – Issued a health alert
  • France – Recalled all ranitidine products
  • Finland – Recalled ranitidine products from shelves and halted distribution
  • Germany – Recalled all ranitidine products
  • Greece – Recalls of Zantac and ranitidine by Mylan
  • Hong Kong – Authorized GSK to recall ranitidine products
  • India – Certain states banned ranitidine from government hospitals. Directed drug regulators to ask pharma companies to test their drugs for NDMA and ensure the drug is only sold under prescription.
  • Indonesia – Suspension of production and sales and a recall of all products containing ranitidine
  • Ireland – Recalled ranitidine products from pharmacies across the country
  • Italy – 500 lots of products containing ranitidine have been pulled from store shelves. Recalled, banned, and stopped distribution of all ranitidine products with active ingredient made by Saraca Labs.
  • Jamaica – Banned all ranitidine products
  • Kenya – Recalled all ranitidine products and advised citizens to stop taking the drug
  • Kuwait – Suspended the sale of and recalled ranitidine drugs from the market
  • Japan – 11 domestic companies issued a voluntary recall of ranitidine products.
  • Libya – Issued a warning regarding ranitidine
  • Lithuania – 300,000 packs of ranitidine-containing drugs have been withdrawn from the Lithuanian market. The ban will remain in effect until marketing authorization holders provide documents proving that their medicines do not contain NDMA.
  • Morocco – Recalled all ranitidine products from the market
  • Namibia – Recalled and stopped distribution of all ranitidine products
  • New Zealand – Recalled all ranitidine products from pharmacies and hospitals
  • Norway – Recalled ranitidine products from shelves and halted distribution
  • Oman – Banned the registration, importing, and distribution of all products containing ranitidine
  • Palestine – Banned the manufacturing and distribution of all products containing ranitidine in all pharmaceutical forms, both domestic and imported.
  • Pakistan – Banned the manufacturing and distributing of ranitidine products and recalled all products on the market
  • Qatar – Banned the registration, importing, and distribution of all products containing ranitidine
  • Saudi Arabia – Banned the distribution and marketing of 6 ranitidine. Recalled all products from the market and directed all pharmacies, hospitals to discontinue use of ranitidine.
  • Singapore – 8 brands removed from the market and discontinued distribution of ranitidine
  • South Africa – Recalled and banned marketing of all ranitidine drugs.
  • South Korea –  Banned the import, manufacturing and sales of 269 ranitidine-based drugs from 133 companies in the country
  • Suriname – Recalled all ranitidine products
  • Switzerland – Recalled all ranitidine products and launched their own investigation.
  • Taiwan – Recalled and banned the distribution of all ranitidine products. Manufacturers failing to comply by the recall date will be subject to fines.
  • Tanzania – Banned ranitidine from sale and distribution by prescription
  • Trinidad and Tobago – Recalled and halted the distribution and import of all ranitidine products
  • UAE – Banned the registration, importation and distribution of all ranitidine products
  • UK – Manufacturers recalled Zantac and UK health officials issued a warning to seek alternative medications. Major retailers have recalled their branded versions of ranitidine.
  • Vietnam – Recalled and halted distribution of 11 ranitidine products

Media highlights:

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